How Much Can a Prophylactic Mastectomy Reduce Cancer Risk?

Board-Certified Plastic Surgeons Serving Denver, Lone Tree, Colorado & Nationwide

Posted: January 15, 2023
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Pretty Woman Posing in LingerieWhether you have a family history of breast cancer or you’re grappling with a BRCA gene mutation, your doctor might have presented a prophylactic mastectomy to reduce your risk.

Sometimes called a preventative mastectomy, this procedure removes currently healthy breast tissue to minimize the chance of breast cancer in the future. At The Breast Center Park Meadows Cosmetic Surgery, many patients choose a prophylactic mastectomy for peace of mind and to control timing of the reconstruction. 

Who Should Get a Preventative Mastectomy?

According to the National Cancer Institute, a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy reduces the risk of breast cancer by at least 95% in women with the BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation and up to 90% in women with a strong family history.

You might consider this procedure if:

  • You have a mutation in your BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, which can increase your risk of developing breast cancer to between 44 and 78 percent.
  • You have a family history of breast cancer and want to avoid the treatments you’ve seen relatives go through.
  • You had or have cancer in one breast.
  • You have other gene mutations that increase breast cancer risk, including ATM, PALB2, TP53 (Li-Fraumeni syndrome), CHEK2, PTEN (Cowden syndrome), CDH1, and STK11 (Peutz-Jeghers syndrome).
  • You had chest radiation therapy before age 30.

Our experienced providers understand how jarring a BRCA gene mutation diagnosis or family illness can be. Considering your options is often overwhelming, and many patients experience anxiety, anger, or grief about choosing a prophylactic mastectomy. Sometimes this stems from worrying they won’t feel like themselves after the procedure. Fortunately, reconstructive techniques are more advanced than ever.

What Are My Reconstruction Options After a Prophylactic Mastectomy?

Our board-certified plastic surgeons offer numerous reconstructive options to help you feel comfortable in your skin again, including:

  • Implant-based reconstruction using silicone or saline breast implants. This allows you to choose your breasts' size, shape, and feeling.
  • DIEP flap reconstruction to transplant tissue from your lower abdomen to your chest.
  • Areola pigmentation (or nipple tattooing) to restore a natural appearance if you don’t qualify for a nipple-sparing mastectomy.

Schedule Your Prophylactic Mastectomy Consultation

Our board-certified plastic and reconstructive surgeons are autologous and implant-based reconstruction specialists. We’re happy to guide you through your options as you make a fantastic decision for your future health. Call 303-706-1100 to schedule a consultation at The Breast Center Park Meadows Cosmetic Surgery in Lone Tree, Colorado.

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